The Trudeau … “They didn’t put in roads, housing or infrastructure because they thought we were going to die out … they never thought we would still be here. First Nations reserves across Canada struggle to access clean drinking water from their taps. Photo by KEVIN McSHEFFREY/THE STANDARD As many as 15 men and women strolled into Elliot Lake, which was covered with a thin sheet of ice on Sunday, Dec. 6. Ontario partnered with the federal government to provide $15 million in funding for on-reserve water projects. Why some First Nations still don’t have clean drinking water — despite Trudeau’s promise. Like many in her community, she lived under a boil water advisory for decades. How students and teachers can take action for clean water in First Nations. Send a letter to Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and tell him it’s time to end drinking water advisories in First Nations. With 17 months left on the clock, Trudeau’s government has nearly halved the number of long-term advisories — those in place for a year or longer — from 105 down to 56, according to government data. Martin-Hill grew up in Buffalo, N.Y., after her single mother fled Six Nations during the ’60s Scoop to avoid having her children taken from her and placed with non-Indigenous families. Long-term boil water advisories are currently in effect in 56 First Nations across Canada – something the federal Liberals have pledged to eliminate by 2021. Today, 93 First Nations communities must boil their water for one minute before drinking or using it. READ MORE: The government gave the community money for a treatment plant in 2014, but that was it — “no money to operate it,” she says. Indigenous communities and water crises — is a real solution in the works? As she said, she’s still hunting for answers. The proposed twinning of the Kinder Morgan pipeline would put the drinking water of many communities at risk including Coldwater First Nation. The most common is a boil water advisory, in which communities are told they should boil all water for at least one minute before drinking, brushing their teeth or cooking and that they shouldn’t use tap water to bathe infants, toddlers or the elderly. Want to discuss? “We need to get our land claims settled in a just way and then we would be able to solve our own problems.”. One is that these plants tend to get less maintenance than they need.”. : 613-233-2773, 1-800-387-7177, Fax: 613-233-6776, inquiries@canadians.org. Lytton is just one among hundreds of First Nations that have suffered from a water crisis in Canada. Maclean’s leadership debate earlier this month, committed to lifting all drinking water advisories, an investigation from Globe and Mail reporter Matt McClearn. Despite Justin Trudeau's restating its commitment to clean water for First Nations, his government is pushing forward the Kinder Morgan pipeline which threatens the 1,355 waterways it crosses. The Trudeau government committed to ending these water advisories by 2021, but very little progress has been made and the needed funding has not been committed to end this crisis. It is hard to imagine that in 2019, First Nations in Canada could lack access to clean drinking water in their own territories — but many do. February 4, 2020 — Ottawa, Traditional Algonquin Territory, Ontario — Indigenous Services Canada. Odjick, a … There is nothing more important than clean water, especially now in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic. The government didn’t give much thought to the land where they sent First Nations, Martin-Hill says. Get a roundup of the most important and intriguing national stories delivered to your inbox every weekday. History has shown that P3s cost more, they lead to the privatization of water, and a loss of community control and jobs. But many say that the government is not doing enough — and point to the situation in northwestern Ontario as proof of the need for action. The lack of clean, safe drinking water in First Nations is one of the greatest violations of the UN-recognized human rights to water and sanitation. That was the same number still in place seven months later, in mid-September, according to Miller’s office. As of February, 61 Indigenous reserves were under long-term drinking water advisories, half of which remain unresolved after more than a decade. Canada has more of it than almost any other country on Earth. As of late September, however, the community was still under an advisory. This is even more urgent as COVID-19 continues to spread globally. That these communities are federally regulated stands out, Thompson says — and not in a good way. “Just because a community doesn’t have a boil water advisory doesn’t mean that they’re happy with their level of water service.”. masters research on water advisories in First Nations, ‘Statues are not history’ — Considering the removal of Sir John A. Macdonald. A big chunk of the reason for these issues is money. Lack of access to clean, safe drinking water in First Nations must be fixed for good. Why some First Nations still don’t have clean drinking water — despite Trudeau’s promise. Many Indigenous communities have gone for years and years without clean drinking water — living, as one … While boil-water … There is nothing more important than clean water, especially now in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic. Dunstan lives in Lytton First Nation, a rural on-reserve Indigenous community of 945 people in British Columbia, Canada’s westernmost province. Greater control by and for First Nations over water is a basic step toward reconciliation, a requirement of  the UN Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, and a necessary precondition to ending drinking water advisories in First Nations for good. 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Take Six Nations, where Martin-Hill lives. Additionally, the Trudeau government’s promise focused on “long-term” boil water advisories, not short-and medium-term advisories. But in some places in this country, it’s not that simple, says Sheri Longboat. READ MORE: Small Communities … In conjunction with existing treaties made between the government and different First Nations, the act established which tracts of land would be for First Nations people so that settlers could set up farms. Yet at any given time there are more than 100 drinking water advisories in First Nations across Canada. Instead, the Liberal government has been promoting public-private partnerships (P3s) as a solution. "Our water smells like raw sewage right now," says Gull, head of the water treatment program at Attawapiskat First Nation … P3s are not the answer to the drinking water crisis in First Nations. READ MORE: But try telling that to Mike Gull. Trudeau’s Liberals benefited from record Indigenous voter turnout in 2015. Send a letter to Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and tell him it’s time to end drinking water advisories in First Nations. And water treatment plants need a lot of maintenance and technical know-how, says Emma Thompson, who did her masters research on water advisories in First Nations. 1880 First Nations homes WITHOUT water services 15 years Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg went without clean water (1.5 hours away from the nation's capital) Two-thirds of First Nations have been under at least 1 water advisory between 2004 and 2014 non-profit organization The Council of Canadians. So why, despite the federal government’s pledge, do some First Nations still not have potable water, and what exactly needs to be done to get it to them? She went to university looking for answers: “How did this inequality happen and who’s responsible and how do we fix it?”. In fact, her research showed that sometimes, boil water advisories were instituted not because there wasn’t a facility in the community but because there wasn’t a trained operator available. It wasn’t until she was older — and within a week of being back in Six Nations — that Martin-Hill experienced her first boil water advisory. Yet many of its First Nations communities continue to lack safe drinking water — a basic human right. © 2019 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc. First Nations reserves across Canada struggle to access clean drinking water from their taps. “I’m not sure if we’re doing much to change that.”, Add in the fact that, while the government may technically be on track for a promise kept, an investigation from Globe and Mail reporter Matt McClearn analyzed more than a decade of government data and found “the overall reliability of the underlying water systems is little improved since the party came to power.”. There are three types of advisories: boil water, do not consume and do not use. From that, Ontario has approved $2.7 million in funding in 2017 towards drinking water projects in 91 First Nation communities. The Council of Canadians fights for safe, clean water for everyone. Nearly half of the 133 First Nations in Ontario currently have boil water advisories and it's been more than 10 years since 10 First Nations in northwestern Ontario had clean drinking water. Everyone in Canada has a right to clean drinking water. The most commonly cited reason (56% of advisories) being inadequate disinfection or disinfectant residuals. Some of the … Now, Six Nations has the treatment plant, Martin-Hill says, but people still live without clean drinking water because almost nobody has piping into their houses that can carry in the newly clean water. Out of Canada’s roughly 600 First Nations communities, about one in five are under drinking water advisories, including about 70 … “There are a lot of systems across the country on First Nations reserves that are in poor shape that aren’t on a boil water advisory, and the risk scores reflect that,” says McClearn. “There’s over 600 First Nations in Canada, over 130 in Ontario, so once that actually trickles down, that’s not a big number,” Montour says. WATCH (2017): First Nations woman calls on feds to address water crisis on reserves. Tips: How students and teachers can take action for clean water in First Nations. About usTake ActionCampaignsAnalysisUpdatesContact Us, Donate nowRenew your supportOther ways to give, The Council of Canadians 200-240 Bank Street, Ottawa, ON K2P 1X4, Tel. School version: Water drop - It’s time to end drinking water advisories in First Nations! Sure, if you’re going by their official numbers that’s true, except their numbers are … These water advisories warn people to either boil water … The event was to raise awareness that many First Nations in Ontario, and across Canada, do … During the Maclean’s leadership debate earlier this month, Conservative leader Andrew Scheer said he would also end long-term boil water advisories, while Green Party leader Elizabeth May said her party would fulfill all “the requirements on the recommendations of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, and the murdered missing Indigenous women’s inquiry.” NDP leader Jagmeet Singh has committed to lifting all drinking water advisories, not just long-term ones, by 2021. WATCH: Trudeau says government ‘on track’ to fulfill clean-water promise. In other words, only a small percentage of the population gets clean water — everyone else needs to buy big jugs of fresh water. Canadian governments have spent many years and billions of dollars trying to make clean water flow from the taps on First Nations. Welcome to Canada! Celebrating 10 years of the human right to water, COVID-19 puts the human right to water front and centre, Attawapiskat water crisis another failure by federal government to provide safe water to First Nations, Factsheet: Why Canada needs a National Water Policy, Report: Glass half empty? When Parliament passed the Indian Act in 1876, it established the reserve system that Canadians know now. Canadian governments have spent many years and billions of dollars trying to make clean water flow from the taps on First Nations. To understand how this system became so unequal and why First Nations receive less funding for clean water than neighbouring municipalities simply because they are regulated federally and not provincially, you have to go back to the beginning of Canada — to colonization. It is hard to imagine that in 2019, First Nations in Canada could lack access to clean drinking water in their own territories — but many do. Can they again? Can the Liberals really end boil water advisories on First Nations by 2021? Problems with drinking water on First Nations have persisted for decades. Activists in northeastern Ontario fighting for safe, clean water in First Nations communities across Canada are getting tired of broken promises. The fact that we are is a testimony to our resilience and our strength as a people.”, Even though colonization “dictates what (First Nations people) have today” with respect to access to clean drinking water, she says it doesn’t have to. But many are given band-aid solutions that result in new short-term advisories. First Nations get much less from the federal government than they would from the province if they were a municipality of similar size, says McClearn. In fact, 400 of 618 First Nations were under at least one water advisory between 2004 and 2014. With few options, Martin-Hill says the community took the money, built their “state-of-the-art treatment plant and said: ‘We’ll figure it out as we always do.’”, WATCH (2016): Human Rights Watch blasts inaction in providing safe water to First Nations communities. We explain why this problem has persisted and what the Trudeau government is doing about it. Canada. One of the side effects of this move was that Martin-Hill grew up with clean water that flowed easily from the tap. Can they again? Ten advisories have been lifted in the Kenora riding since the Liberals came to power: today, 16 of the 40 First Nations in the area have no access to clean water, down from 26. We’ve got almost a fifth of the world’s fresh water, yet many Canadian households don’t have access to it. A recent CBC investigation revealed that 180 homes in Garden Hill First Nation, Manitoba, lack running water and indoor plumbing. A few days later, Eabametoong First Nation followed suit, its chief explaining the decision in a press release on July 15: “The discovery of high levels of trihalomethanes, combined with ongoing issues with our water and wastewater systems, has forced us to declare a state of emergency to protect the health of our community.”. First Nations reserves across Canada struggle to access clean drinking water from their taps. The risk scores are updated every year, when the government looks at the design of public water systems, how well they are operated and maintained, the associated record-keeping, the quality of the source water and the operators’ qualification to come up with a ranking from one to 10, with 10 being extreme risk. Trudeau: Time to end drinking water advisories in First Nations. Take action! Year 1 progress toward resolving drinking water advisories in nine First Nations in Ontario, Report - On Notice for a Drinking Water Crisis in Canada. During the 2015 election campaign, Liberal Leader Justin Trudeau promised to eliminate all long-term water advisories on First Nations by March 2021. Many have made it clear the existing solutions are imperfect. Water, wastewater and stormwater projects in First Nation communities are eligible for the Clean Water and Wastewater Fund. Since November 2015, 133 short-term drinking water advisories (lasting between two and 12 months) have been lifted before becoming long-term. According to the United Nations Development Program, over 99.8 per cent of Canadians have access to pure drinking water and safe sanitation. On July 7, Attawapiskat First Nation declared a state of emergency over concerns about disinfection byproducts called trihalomethanes. It is to our national shame that many First Nations communities still don’t have access to potable water. “There are a lot of consequences that come along with that. However, that data has its limitations: it doesn’t include B.C. ‘Statues are not history’ — Considering the removal of Sir John A. Macdonald. Anishinabe artist and writer Jay Odjick took to Twitter Monday to call out the lack of clean drinking water on many First Nations in Canada. Why don’t all First Nations have clean water? Eabametoong declared a state of emergency after the water developed a “noticeable foul smell and taste,”however the community has been under a boil-water advisory for nearly two decades. Since 2015, Canadian officials have worked to eliminate drinking water advisories in First Nations reserves, lifting 87 long-term advisories through … The federal government has a list of solutions to these long-term boil water advisories, including patchwork repairs, permanent repairs, entire new systems, feasibility studies and better training and monitoring. The Trudeau government promised to end all long-term drinking water advisories in First Nations by 2021. Yet at any given time there are more than 100 drinking water advisories in First Nations across Canada. Suspending water quality monitoring: oversight or disaster capitalism? Many Indigenous communities have gone for years and years without clean drinking water — living, as one woman put it, “in Third-World conditions in a First-World country.”, Some advisories are so old, explains Dawn Martin-Hill, one of the founders of the Indigenous Studies Program at McMaster University, that “you could have a 16-year-old girl growing up in northern Ontario who has never been able to drink or bathe in the water that they have access to.”. The number of First Nations houses without indoor plumbing in Canada has dropped from 3,500 in 2007 to 2,034 in 2017. While many communities have been dealing with these so-called short-term problems for years, Angela Mashford-Pringle, who works at the Waakebiness-Bryce Institute for Indigenous Health at the University of Toronto, told Global News in July that such communities are being left out because their advisories are not technically “long-term.”, “Realistically, if you went across the country, quite a few of the 633 First Nations are on either short-term or medium-term advisories,” she said. Canadian governments have spent many years and billions of dollars trying to make clean water flow from the taps on First Nations. The lack of clean, safe drinking water in First Nations is one of the greatest violations of the UN-recognized human rights to water and sanitation. During the 2015 election campaign, Liberal Leader Justin Trudeau promised to eliminate all long-term water advisories on First Nations by March 2021. At any given time, some 100 First Nations are under water advisories, according to non-profit organization The Council of Canadians. More than 8,500 of you have spoken out to make sure the federal government lives up to its promise to end long-term drinking water advisories in First Nations communities. Many First Nations communities do not have access to safe drinking water because of a "discriminatory legal gap" in Canada, according to the new … Some First Nations don’t even have a water treatment plant, so they’re a higher priority for government funding. A Health Canada study from 1995-2007 found that a total of 162 advisories had been in effect for longer than one year. Please read our Commenting Policy first. The federal government considers it a minor issue, even boasting to international agencies that 100% of households in Canada have access to clean water. We explain why this problem has persisted and what the Trudeau government is doing about it. Canada’s new government should make addressing the lack of safe drinking water in many First Nations communities in Canada an urgent priority, Chiefs of Ontario and Human Rights Watch said today. READ MORE: It was a hard choice but the right one, Martin-Hill says. Therefore, Health Canada no longer reports drinking water advisories in BC First Nations. “The risk scores can tell you about systems that have problems that are not on boil water advisories yet,” McClearn says. Our research shows the government has taken some steps, but not the strides needed to fulfil its commitment. Canada: The Right to Water in First Nations Communities Photo: Arriving at the Shoal Lake #40 reserve by ferry. Trudeau’s Liberals benefited from record Indigenous voter turnout in 2015. At any given time, some 100 First Nations are under water advisories, according to non-profit organization The Council of Canadians. 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