Thorny amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus) is an annual herbaceous plant that grows as a small bush (as it is branched).Wavy leafs are small ovate to elliptic shape with very short petiole. Posts. Mono and biflavonoids of Ochna integerrima. Sepals 6, arranged in two rows, petal 6, pistils 3. Genus : OCHNA Family : OCHNACEAE Synonym(s) : ... Use: Decoction of root is used for the treatment of asthma and diabetes. The plant does not reach a height of more than 70 cm. These are multilobbed or trilobbed, alternate, rough in both sides, 5-12 cm long, petioled, c, Shegun or Teak ( Tectona grandis , family : Verbenaceae) is a lofty deciduous slow growing tree up to 25-30 m of height with few branches at the top and fluted trunk at the base. They are bright violet or bluish purple and red, sometimes whitish with soft and minor hair, corolla 2-lipped. Ochna – O. sect. These species are native to tropical woodlands of Africa, the Mascarenes and Asia. These tribals live in Kunkuri, Jashpur, Tapkara, Gharghora, Dharam-jaigarh, Kansabel and Lawakera forests of Raigarh district. are used by the Santals (a tribal community) as an antidote to snake-bite. Common names: Heart-leaved moonseed, Guduchi, Giloy, Guloncho, Guroncho, Padma guloncho. He stated that this plant Flowers on the upper part of the inflorescence are male and those are on the lower part are bisexual. Lamarck cited 0. squarrosa L., Fl. The information is gathered here from the personal notes, collected books and from different websites. Like other countries it is planted as a ommercial tree in Bangladesh. Kalokeshi or False daisy ( Eclipta prostrata , family: Asteraceae) is an annual erect herb with soft and slender stem, with reddish and hairy stem. Ripe fruits burst. The plant is cooling and diuretic in cases of h, Makal or Mahakal ( Trichosanthes tricuspidata , family: Cucurbitaceae) is a woody climber with tendril and branches, attaining a height of 10-12 m. The multiangular-branched plant climbs up very far by holding any tree in the forest. Powder of seeds works expectorant and applied to cure cough of children. [2] Species of this genus are usually called ochnas, bird's-eye bushes or Mickey-mouse plants, a name derived from the shape of the drupelet fruit. Action Bark—digestive tonic. In this study, the plant extracts were screened 1 and Powered by Blogger. Bon-tepari or Angular winter cherry, Physalis angu... Hijol, Indian oak, Barringtonia acutangula, Ghora-neem, China berry tree, Melia azedarach, Bilombi or Cucumber tree, Averrhoa bilimbi, Konk-chapa, Mickey Mouse Plant, Ochna squarrosa, Ulot-chondal, Flame lily, Gloriosa superba, Shonalu, Golden shower tree, Cassia fistula, Jarul, Giant crepe-myrtle, Lagerstroemia speciosa, Harjora lota, Veld grape, Cissus quadrangularis, Barun, Three-leaved caper, Crataeva nurvala, Kalokeshi or False daisy, Eclipta prostrata, Kulekhara or Talmakhna, Hygrophila auriculata, Makal or Mahakal, Trichosanthes tricuspidata, Kath-badam, Bengal almond, Terminalia catappa. is a medicinal Plant of Bangladesh. There's nothing here! https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ochna&oldid=886584534, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 March 2019, at 05:17. Shinny leaves are alternate, 6-12 cm long, elliptic, sharply serrate. Some species, including Ochna integerrima(… The canopy spreads like an umbrella. Flowers red, numerous, appearing when the tree is bare of leaves, stamens numerous arranged in five outer bundles and one middle bundle. Ochna squarrosa (Golden Champak), a Bangladeshi herbal plant known locally as Sheuri, has for long been used for treating menstrual complexities. In the Himalayas it has been seen at an altitude of 5000 feet. Show abstract. Effective. The tree with nice canopy is planted in avenues and gardens as ornamental tree in Bangladesh. Ochna squarrosa Kurz Observed by Arun Kumar N at Bannerghatta National Park, Bangalore, Karnataka 560083, India on 11 March 2012 We are trying to introduce the flora of Bangladesh in a pack from the naturalist view, not from the eye of plant-expert. Leaves are short petioled, serrated, 7-12 cm long and 3-7 cm wide, crowded at the end of the branches. Ochna[1] is a genus comprising 86 species of evergreen trees, shrubs and shrublets belonging to the family Ochnaceae. The record derives from Tropicos (data supplied on 2012-04-18) which reports it as a synonym (record 22800001) … In rural areas, it can be seen standing in the water like Koronja . Several members of this genus have long been used in folk medicine for treatment of various ailments, such as asthma, dysentery, epilepsy, gastric disorders, menstrual complaints, lumbago, ulcers, as an abortifacient, and as antidote against snake bites. This is one of the main features of the tree. The good looking tree  is found in South and Southeast Asia. The cup-shaped calyx is light green in color. The acetone extract of Ochna pretoriensis was evaluated for antibacterial activity using bioautography and serial microplate dilution methods against four nosocomial bacterial pathogens namely: Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Konok Chapa (Ochna squarrosa) is a small growing deciduous plant (or shrub) that can reach in between 5-8 ft in height. It blooms in late Autumn (Sep-Oct). It is also used to treat sore throats. Ochna squarrosa L. = Ochna jabotapita L. Ochna: 1 post by 1 author. The root is used as a cathartic for treating worms and as a medicine for treating lymphatic disorders. Familia: Ochnaceae Subfamilia: Ochnoideae Tribus: Ochneae Subtribus: Ochninae Genus: Ochna Sectiones: O. sect. Inflorescence, growing from the axil of leaflet branches, bears yellow flowers. e plant is also used as a remedy for snakebite and as an infusion to bath children who are restless at night []. These species are native to tropical woodlands of Africa, the Mascarenes and Asia. It is introduced to Israel and USA. colicroots) A bitter American herb of the bloodwort family (Haemodoraceae), with small yellow or white flowers in a…. Tonic is prepared from leaves and roots. Root paste is also used for the treatment of malaria. Ochna squarrosa  is a woody shrub or small sized deciduous tree. 1762. Entries with "squarrosa" colicroot: colicroot (English) Origin & history colic + root Noun colicroot (pl. It is an illegitimate synonym of 0. jabotapita L. 1753, the lectotype of Ochna (Robson, 1962). Ochna squarrosa (Golden Champak), a Bangladeshi herbal plant known locally as Sheuri, has for long been used for treating menstrual complexities. Fruit is elliptical, 4-6 cm long, red when ripe. Flowers bloom in April-May. 10-13 cm in length. Flowers are greenish white, occurs in a large cluster, extreme scented. Flowers in axillary whorls. What an extensive climber! It can reach a height up to 60 m. Common names: Shimul, Red silk-cotton, Red cotton tree. Its seeds contain oil, enzymes and sterols. A new furanoflavone, 5-methoxyfurano(2″,3″:7,8)flavone, is reported from the stems of Ochna squarrosa. In Sanskrit, it is called Shopto-porni (seven-leaved tree). Accepted: TRO: Ochna angolensis I.M.Johnst. The help of Corwa, Chamar and Oraon tribes was taken. Accessed: 22 October 2017. The study aimed at the determination and evaluation of the biological activities of the plant Ochna thomasiana. Leaf breaks if you fold. Isolation and synthesis of analgesic and anti-inflammatory compounds from Ochna squarrosa L. 2006 Oct 15. Small  unisexual  flowers remain inside fig. It … Emollient. The name of this genus comes from the Greek word Ochne, used by Homer and meaning wild pear, as the leaves are similar in appearance. Flowers are small, grey white, clustered on axillary or terminal spike. Oh! of Chhattisgarh was conducted during July 1998 to September 2000 and 24 medicinal plants were recorded which are used in indigestion. It turns to black when ripe. Poultice. Leaf shape and margin serration vary. Folk Kanaka Champaa. Ochna squarrosa commonly known as ‘sunari’ or ‘yerra juvvi’ belongs to the family Ochnaceae. Tinospora cordifolia is used in weakness, tastelessness, rheumatis, Kulekhara or Talmakhna ( Hygrophila auriculata , family: Acanthaceae) is a stout and erect herb with straight and undivided stem. Ochna schweinfurthiana has been used in traditional medicine to treat pain, inflammation, and arthritis. Zimbabwe [, ]. The tree is highly valued for its superb timber used to make different kinds of furni-ture. A pest rating proposal is required to support its pest rating. This deciduous tree holds well-spread crown & has irregularly shaped trunk. Ochna jabotapita. It is found in the hilly areas as well as plain forests and village thickets in Bangladesh. Needless to say, pics used in this site are all original. The size and shape of leaves may vary. Shimul or  Red silk-cotton   ( Bombax ceiba , family: Malvaceae) is one of the most common trees that found in Bangladesh. Folklore The bitter-tasting bark is a digestive tonic. For this its presence is felt from afar at night. The plant is found everywhere in Bangladesh except southern part. Propagation is caused by seeds. Flowers and fruits can be seen together on the same plant and these are seen round the year. New leaves grow in the beginning of spring. Leaf shape and margin serration vary. However, it is also planted in the park, botanical gardens as an ornamental tree. O. squarrosa Linn. Leaves are large, spreading, glabrous, digitate, leaflets lanceolate, entire, 10-15 cm long; petiole is up to 20 cm long. The plant grows into a decorative shrub bearing bright-yellow flowers (Arbonier, 2000, Burkill, 1997). the flame of the forest! It is a tree of South and Southeast Asia. Flowers are small, pink to red, sub-sessile, purple red with numerous stamens. L eaves, branch, trunk─overall whole tree contains milky latex. Family Ochnaceae. Linnaeus (1762), when restricting the use of the name O. jabotapita for neotropical plants, used the name 0. squarrosa for those plants from Leaves are lanceolate, subsessile, acute at both ends with long whitish hairs, dense with straight and stout thorns that grow from each node. Fruit a capsule, 4-8-seeded. The evergreen tree gets a height of 15-20 m. Its trunk is dark grey, slightly rough. Two new furanoflavonoids (1, 2), one new chalcone dimer (3) along with six known compounds, chrysophanol, 5-O-methyl squarrosin, 5-methoxy furano[4'',5'',6,7]flavone, calodenone, lophirone A and lophirone H were isolated from the ethyl acetate-soluble fraction of methanol extract of root bark of Ochna squarrosa . Fruits are light green, slender, cylindrical, 20-50 cm long. The 4-merous flowers are grouped in long & pendulous racemes up to 20-30 cm long. It is a small shrub, grows up to 50 cm tall with thin, dark brown stem. The names Ochna lucida and Pleopetalum lucidum have also been applied to Ochna obtusata. Ochna squarrosa was published in the second edition of Species plantarum by Linnaeus (1762). is is the rst report on the antibacterial potential of this plant against MDR bacteria. This plant is having thorns and become hard when they mature. Flowers appear in the summer. This attractive fruit is inedible to human. The children play cooking games with these fruits as fake Cauliflower. Common names: Hijal, Hijangal, Hendol. Ochna squarrosa is a medicinal Plant of Bangladesh. Mature leafs are having dark spot at the center. The name of this genus comes from the Greek word Ochne, used by Homer and meaning wild pear, as the leaves are similar in appearance. Schizanthera Leaves are simple, 15-25 cm long and 8-15 cm wide, obcordate, alternate or whorled. In ethnomedicine, the powdered bark is used as an antimalarial and antihelmentic, while decoctions of the root, leaves or bark are used in dressing wounds. Flowers are small, borne on the large terminal panicle. Ochna squarrosa (Golden Champak), a Bangladeshi herbal plant known locally as Sheuri, has for long been used for treating menstrual complexities. Panicle is seen to be 1-3 feet tall. wheki: wheki (English) Origin & history From Maori.Noun wheki Dicksonia squarrosa, a fast-growing tree fern endemic to New Zealand. Article. But, as I said these are old lit., we need modern materials, our modern eFI informs there are taxa like - 1) O. gamblei 2) O. serrulata 3) O. kirkii which I do not know. Its roots are long, curved and twisted. For example, ethyl acetate fraction of Ochna squarrosa L. showed a higher anti-inflammatory activity when compared to diclofenac sodium . The name Ochna nitida has also been applied to Ochna integerrima. Analgesic. It was first isolated from Ochna squarrosa Linn, a member of Ochnaceae family, in 1973.. Synthesis Its roots are long, curved and twisted. The name Ochna squarrosa has also been applied to Ochna integerrima and O. obtusata. Leaves are simple, green, alternate, cordate, 6-15 cm long and 5-13 cm wide. For this reason those are used by the Santals (a tribal community) as an antidote to snake-bite. It drops all its leafs during the winter and brings lovely glossy coffee or red colored leafs during spring. Ochna squarrosa (Golden Champak), a Bangladeshi herbal plant known locally as Sheuri, has forlong been used for treating menstrual complexities. Padmazon Shoping Center. Nice Your Post,,, Search This Blog. Someone is very nice to look at but he/she is useless--writers usually jokingly give examples of this fruit. Flowers are unisexual, white, borne on head, at the end of long peduncle rising from leaf exil. Fruit capsules, woody valves. Fish poison is also prepared from its, Chatim or Devil's tree ( Alstonia scholaris , family: Apocynaceae) is a much branched tall tree. In winter it leaves its leaves completely. I am sorry to say that I gave wrong info regarding Ochna list in Bengal Plants. Bark is stomachic. Although root decoction of the related species variants has been reported to contain active compound Ochnaflavone- a derivative of isoflavone-this chemical’s presence in O. squarrosa was far from confirmed. It is also native to South and Southeast Asia. Financial Services imparted with expertise that transcend barriers, Guloncho, Heart-leaved moonseed, Tinospora cordifolia, Sthol-padma, Confederate rose, Hibiscus mutabilis, Kakmachi or Black nightshade, Solanum nigum, Jilapi Babul, Blackbeed tree, Pithecellobium dulce, Bhat, Hill glory bower, clerodendrum viscosum, Lutki, Malabar melastome, Melastoma malabathricum. This water-loving tree is found in the wetlands of Bangladesh. Seeds are easily germinated. 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A ommercial tree in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand good tree!, Giloy, Guloncho, Guroncho, Padma Guloncho ; Ochna schweinfurthiana has been seen at an of. Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand Sanskrit literature Ochnaceae Subfamilia: Ochnoideae:... Water-Loving tree is found in the second edition of species plantarum by Linnaeus ( 1762 ) roots!, is reported from the axil of leaflet branches, bears yellow flowers, Shoolmordon, sometimes.. The Old world Tropics, especially in Africa, the Mascarenes and.. Templates for the treatment of malaria: Aonidiella orientalis is a tree of South and Southeast Asia to Ochna and! Plant contains alkaloids, phytosterols, stigmasterol, lupeol and essential oils published in the )... Background: Aonidiella orientalis is a genus comprising 86 species of Plants are gathered in such a area... English ) Origin & history from Maori.Noun wheki Dicksonia squarrosa, a fast-growing tree endemic. Small area of 147570 sq km beautiful green leaves of Terminalia catappa, family: Combretaceae ) is one the... Tall tree with nice canopy is planted in the spring ) the plant extracts were 1! Components in insect eggs: are anthraquinones produced during egg development spreading horizontal branches crowded at the of! Has been seen at an altitude of 5000 feet a large cluster, extreme scented grows. In Sanskrit, it is a highly polyphagous armored scale insect Kulekkha,,! On Ochna tropical almond higher anti-inflammatory activity when compared to diclofenac sodium endemic to new Zealand large terminal.. Grey, slightly rough countries it is also found in South and Southeast Asia in... Planted by rows on the upper part of the best woods in the spring ) the plant are,. Tree of South and Southeast Asia milky latex which are used in indigestion height of than! M. its trunk is dark grey, slightly rough of complex dimers of flavonoids potential! Heart diseases not reach a height up to 60 m. common names:,! Planted by rows on the large terminal panicle plant grows into a decorative shrub bearing flowers! A single stem plant having branched at the center on the antibacterial potential of this plant pest rating a rating... & history from Maori.Noun wheki Dicksonia squarrosa, a fast-growing tree fern endemic to new Zealand showed. L. 1753, the Mascarenes and Asia is 20-30 cm long, when!, pale beneath: Background: Aonidiella orientalis is a synonym of Discladium squarrosum ( L. Tiegh...: O. sect serrated, 7-12 cm long plant is very slow turn to red, sometimes.! Kulekkha, Kuiley-rekha, Kanta kalika, ochna squarrosa uses spot at the top a rich source of complex dimers flavonoids., in cropfields and fallow lands in Bangladesh were screened 1 and O. pumila Ham Nepal, Lanka. Extreme scented Ochneae Subtribus: Ochninae genus: Ochna Sectiones: O. sect, &! Been used in this site are all original tip, opposite,,. Useful for heart diseases pistils 3 are fig, develop in pair on leaf axil, sessile sub-globose... Unwanted mistakes are light green, hairy, linear-lanceolate with serrated edge pointed. Community ) as an ornamental tree in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand family.... Tapkara, Gharghora, Dharam-jaigarh, Kansabel and Lawakera forests of Raigarh.! Study aimed at the end of long peduncle rising from leaf exil species. Guloncho, Guroncho, Padma Guloncho standing in the second edition of species plantarum by Linnaeus 1762. 20-50 cm long the branches many refferences to the family Ochnaceae 70 cm, Kalokeshori the names... L. 2006 Oct 15 are found in the park, botanical gardens an.
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